When it comes to our beloved ones THE BEST is what we want for them: medical attention, beds, toys but specially food, and that is because a proper nutrition is the corner stone for a healthy life.
You may read online different articles related to pet nutrition and at some point you may even feel overwhelmed by all that information but if you keep in mind the basis for a proper nutrition plan and you take into consideration age, breed, special needs as illness-related, deficiencies or instructions from your vet, you will be able to provide the best balance diet for your best friend.
A balanced diet is critically important to your pet’s cell maintenance and growth and overall health.
WATER: This element represents ~ 60-70% of an adult pet body weight. Pets should be allowed to drink as much as they need to, but make no mistake, you need to pay close attention to water intake changes, those changes could be an early sign of an underlying disease.
PROTEINS: Proteins are the basic building blocks for cells, tissues, organs, enzymes, hormones and antibodies, and are essential for growth, maintenance, reproduction and repair. These elements can be obtain from animal-based meats ( which are considered an excellent source of amino acids) and/or vegetables (these are considered incomplete proteins).
FATS: Fats are the most concentrated form of food energy, providing your pet with more than twice the energy of proteins or carbohydrates. Fats are essential in the structure of cells, needed for the production of some hormones, and are required for absorption and utilization of certain vitamins. Fats also provide insulation and protection for internal organs. A deficiency of essential fatty acids (such as linoleic acid) may result in reduced growth or increased skin problems but also an excess of body fat may predispose your pet for Cardiovascular conditions, joints diseases and poorly organ function.
CARBOHYDRATES: Carbohydrates provide energy, play a vital role in the health of the intestine, and are important for reproduction.
MINERALS: Minerals are nutrients that cannot be synthesized by animals and must be provided in the diet.
VITAMINS: Small amounts of vitamins are necessary in pets for normal metabolic functioning. Most vitamins cannot be synthesized in the body, and therefore are essential to obtain in the diet but if your pet is been fed a balance diet there is unnecessary vitamins supplement, that may cause hypervitaminosis which is more common these days. For instance: Excess vitamin A may result in bone and joint pain, brittle bones and dry skin.